Lowering your cholesterol is one of the best ways to avoid a heart attack or stroke. A substance called plaque gets deposited in the arteries, which builds up in the blood and adds to high cholesterol levels. Such deposits clog the arteries or in some cases, complete blockage can occur, preventing the flow of oxygen and blood to the heart. Every year, this problem is found in thousands of people, which leads to heart attacks, chest pain and cardiovascular diseases.
HDL and LDL are two different types of cholesterol. HDL is considered good cholesterol and LDL is treated as bad. HDL is good cholesterol because it has the tendency to help remove bad cholesterol from your body, while LDL is bad as it creates complications and increased risk of heart disease or challenges in the future.
When you want to lower your cholesterol levels, it is important to know your HDL and LDL numbers. Knowledge of total cholesterol is essential too. If any of the levels are high, then chances of you being prone to heart disease are likely high as well. The potential for a heart attack is much higher when you have high cholesterol.
Below is a diet that will help you achieve proper levels of cholesterol and keep everything under control.
Diet Related to Cholesterol Levels
Before describing the relationship between diet and cholesterol, it is important to know that diet plays a significant role in reducing cholesterol and heart problems. Most heart disease is related to higher cholesterol levels, so we need to control cholesterol levels to continue to lead a healthy life.
Most of the cholesterol comes from butter, fish, meat, milk and margarine. Notice how all these are animal fat? Your body accumulates fat in two ways; first, by your body making cholesterol or, second, from the food you eat. All you can do is lower the intake of the foods you eat to maintain healthy cholesterol levels.
In the same way in which we have good and bad cholesterol, good fats and bad fats are also out there. Keep your total dietary fat intake within 25%-35% of your diet and don’t go beyond this limit. Most of the fat intake should be of the good kind i.e. vegetable fats and omega-3 fatty acids (fish), also called as polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats.
LDL cholesterol – bad type – intake must be minimalized. Therefore, try to avoid saturated fats like eggs, meat and dairy products.
A quick way to spot the difference between saturated and unsaturated fat is that saturated fat remains solid at normal room temperature, whereas unsaturated fat is liquid at room temperature.
Fill up your diet with healthy fats that are usually present in non-saturated or vegetable fats. Things like nuts, salmon and avocados are great sources of healthy fats. While eating more of these, make sure you cut back on fatty foods like red meat, whole milk and of course, mouth-watering pastries, chips and nachos.
Knowing the difference between the various cholesterols and types of fat is the first step in ensuring that you are consuming the proper diet with the appropriate fat intake. Recognizing this and making the necessary adjustments to your diet will prevent high cholesterol, heart disease, heart attacks and stroke. Make sure to keep your diet healthy and you will have a happy and healthy lifestyle.